IMPROVING SLEEP WITH MOM
(AND BABY) IN MIND:
Strategies for clinicians
Poster presented at the Postpartum Support International Conference. Portland, OR • June 2019
This poster provides information for clinicians about normative sleep development and easy strategies that they can offer to mothers with postpartum mood challenges. Information is developmentally-focused and considers the whole family system.
"crying-it-out:" a critical review of the literature on the use of extinction with infants
Poster presented at the World Infant Mental Health Conference • Paris, France, July 2006
(NOTE: This research is currently being updated to reflect research
since 2007 and will be presented Summer of 2022).
ABSTRACT: The most empirically supported and endorsed approaches to
preventing or ameliorating infant sleep problems involve various forms of extinction (crying it out). This approach is widely recommended by pediatricians and mainstream parenting publications for infants as young as 3- to 4-months. A review of the literature regarding the cry-it-out (CIO) approach to infant sleep reveals that empirical support for this early start date is lacking. Much of the existing literature used to validate the use of extinction with infants does not include infants under 1 year in the sample population. The subset of studies which include infants, do so as part of a much larger sample comprised of wide age ranges (e.g. 9-60 months). Results from these studies do not specify outcomes by age, and obscure the existence of differential effects for infants. Though CIO is recommended as the approach of choice for infant sleep, relatively little is known about its effects on infants under 1 year.